Dwarf Trees For Your Garden
If you have a very small yard or garden space, growing dwarf trees would give you the best balance of beauty and greenery, without crowding the area too much. As the name suggests, there is a major difference in size between regular trees and dwarf trees. While standard trees grow around 25 to 50 feet tall, dwarf varieties grow only around 10 feet in height. These trees are created by a horticultural method called grafting, where the root of a dwarfing tree (rootstock) is connected through a stem piece (interstem) of a dwarfing variety to the upper portion of the intended fruit or ornamental tree (scion wood). There are several dwarf trees that you can choose. Dwarf fruit trees generally reach a height of 8 to 12 feet, depending on species and variety. Due to their small size, the trees are easy to prune and harvest. They are subject to the same pests and diseases as their full-sized counterparts. Many standard-sized species of fruit trees are available as dwarf trees, including apple, pear, fig, cherry, plum, peach, nectarine and apricot. Citrus trees, including orange, lime and lemon, are also available as dwarf trees.
Ornamental dwarf tree varieties include flowering trees, such as peach, plum, nectarine, cherry, almond, crabapple and apricot. While some ornamental dwarf trees bear fruit, they are mainly used for aesthetic purpose in a landscape, often used as specimen trees or accents. These trees are especially valued for their showy blooms in spring. Varieties of ornamental dwarf trees reach heights of 4 to 12 feet.