Grow Your Own Basement Garden
With a basement garden, growing your own fresh produce all year is not only possible, but also very manageable. Once you have the space warm, ventilated, and ready with containers and soil, you need to choose the variety of plants you wish to grow in a basement garden. Vegetable plants that grow indoors and grow best would include the leafy greens. They are easy to start and the best bet for a novice indoor veggie gardener. Plants such as tomatoes and peppers will need higher levels of heat and light, while the bush beans and peas need less heat. Chose dwarf varieties when possible to save space. Squash and melons are not good but lettuce, spinach, radishes and Swiss chard are ideal vegetable plants that grow in a basement garden. Sow seed indoors as you normally would but instead of transplanting outdoors, move them to pots.
Use a timer to give the plants at least 8 hours of light per day for most types and 10 hours or more for sun-lovers like peppers. Never let your plants dry out and give them a liquid fertilizer diluted by half once every week. Stake and tie up plants as needed and follow basic veggie care for each variety. Increase lighting hours and water once the plants have fruited. Pests are not as big an issue in a basement garden but watch for whitefly, scale and other insects.