Growing Bush Bean Plants In The Garden
Gardeners have been growing bush bean plants in their gardens for almost as long as there have been gardens. Bush beans grow as small, 2-foot tall plants, unlike the climbing pole varieties. The shorter plants don’t produce as much as pole types but they also don’t require a support and won’t shade other plants in a small garden. Most bush bean varieties require about 40 days to produce harvestable pods. Sow seeds directly in the garden bed. Plant each seed 1 inch deep and space them six inches apart in all directions. The seeds won’t germinate in dry soil, so water the area regularly to keep it moist. Bush beans don’t compete well with weeds, so keep the bed well weeded from the time of planting until the end of the growing season. The shallow roots of a bush bean plant don’t dig deeply in search of moisture, so continue regular watering through the growing season.
Provide approximately 1 inch of water each time, and water one or two times weekly, depending on how quickly the soil dries out. The primary nutrient for plants is nitrogen, which bush beans can create in the soil on their own if you purchase treated seed or coat the seed with a nitrogen inoculant before planting. Alternatively, apply a 1 inch layer of compost over the soil once the plants begin flowering to improve nutrition for the remainder of the growing season.