Growing Fuyu Persimmon Trees
Fuyu persimmon trees are Japanese persimmon variety that thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10. The trees are valued for its year-round ornamental qualities, which include the round, deep orange fruit decorating its bare branches in late fall, after the colorful fall leaves drop. The fruit is tasty and sweet. “Fuyu” persimmon is a low-chill fruit, requiring an accumulation of only 100 to 200 hours of temperatures below 45 degrees Fahrenheit during the fall and winter months. Productive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 to 11, “Fuyu” persimmon trees grow best in full sun in well-drained loam with a pH level of 6.0 to 7.5. Amend heavy or sandy soils with compost and other organic materials, such as well-composted manure, to improve soil texture and fertility. Self-fertile, “Fuyu” does not require cross-pollination with another species, but many horticulturists believe fruit is tastier and more abundant when cross-pollination occurs. Growing 18- to 20-feet tall, “Fuyu” trees are spaced more than 20 feet apart, as the spread can be equal to the height. Dig deep planting holes to accommodate the long tap root.
Irrigate “Fuyu” persimmon trees in spring and summer when rainfall is inadequate to maintain moisture and prevent leaf and fruit drop. Persimmon trees generally require 36 to 48 inches of water annually. Fertilizer is required only when growth is less than 1 foot per year or leaves lose their deep green color. When the need for fertilizer is indicated, use a balanced fertilizer — such as 10-10-10 or 10-20-20. Spread 1 pound of the fertilizer for each inch of trunk diameter under the tree canopy in late winter or early spring when new shoots emerge.