Hot Weather Vegetable Plants For The Garden
Vegetable plants are roughly categorized into two types: cool-weather and warm-weather. Vegetable plants that grow best in hot weather are primarily from subtropical areas, and they need average temperatures between 65 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. The taste of vine-ripened garden tomato vegetable plants, still warm from sunlight, is one of the main reasons many people have summer gardens. So many cultivars produce tomatoes with excellent taste and texture, but those tomatoes don’t ship or store well so aren’t available in grocery stores. Tomatoes originated in subtropical Central America and South America and were taken to Europe by returning Spanish explorers in the 1500s. As the use of tomatoes spread throughout Europe, local cultivars, developed to suit different climates and growing conditions. Tomato plants are killed by a temperature of 32 F or lower. Plants in the squash family (Cucurbitaceae) are absolute “heat hogs,” provided they are kept watered. They flourish in heat, and melons need hot temperatures in order to ripen properly. Originally vine plants, squash plants now are available in bush varieties that conserve garden space. Squash-family plants are all frost-tender, but winter squash fruits can tolerate exposure to temperatures below freezing for short periods. Watermelons and other melons are native to Africa and Asia, cucumbers to India and squash to the Americas.
Corn originated in Central Mexico and is a member of the grass family. It has become an important food and fodder plant worldwide. Both warm temperatures and adequate moisture are needed for corn ears to develop properly. Corn is one of the best hot weather vegetable plants. Corn germinates best in temperatures ranging from 68 to 86 F and grows best in temperatures between 64 and 70 F. Corn is another crop taken from the West Indies to Europe at an early date.