Natural Korean Garden Style
A Korean garden is a garden that is designed according to traditional Korean landscaping principles. A Korean garden makes use of natural arrangements of plants, rocks, structures and water. A Korean garden is interesting for attracting various birds. Animals were important to the natural appeal of the garden, so stone animals and animal motifs were common as well as actual fish, birds and other creatures. A Korean garden will often have a decorative pavilion from which the surrounding garden can be enjoyed. Scholars from the yang ban aristocracy sat in their pavilions constructed in either a cultivated garden or a natural area with its own view of the mountains or landscape. These served as places of relaxation and enjoyment and as a place to receive other men to be entertained or to talk about business. Playing chess, painting, resting and other leisurely activities were also pursued in these pavilions because of the exceptional view and surrounding beauty.
A Korean garden may also often have ponds because water is an important element to any garden for practical reasons such as plant watering and cooling the temperature. It was also important in old days because it prevented the wooden buildings of Korea from burning down. Clear water is generally found in streams and natural water sources rather than ponds which are dug out on purpose in a convenient spot. Lotuses are usually the most common thing to plant in a pond, but there are many unusual options other than lotuses.