Ways To Pruning The Shrubs

Ways To Pruning The Shrubs

Pruning is a horticultural practice that alters the form and growth of a plant. Based on aesthetics and science, pruning can also be considered preventive maintenance. Most shrubs benefit from regular pruning to remove old wood, improve shape and encourage flower. Pruning shrubs involves two fundamental types of cuts: the heading-back cut and the thinning cut. Heading-back cuts remove terminal branches to an intermediate point. For heading cuts, prune 1/4 inch above the bud, sloping down and away from it. Thinning cuts remove material to a point of origin, removing entire buds, twigs or branches. Make thinning cuts just above parent or side branches and roughly parallel to them. Whichever cut you use, be sure your tools are very sharp because dull tools can create a jagged cut that is prone to decay. When to prune depends on the response you’re trying to elicit from your shrubs. Many species respond best to late winter or early spring pruning, before the rapid tissue formation of bud break. To avoid reducing the floral display of spring-blooming shrubs, however, wait until immediately after flowering for those shrubs.

Summer-blooming shrubs should be pruned in early spring before buds set, or in summer immediately after flowering. If you want to suppress growth of suckers and foliage, summer is the time to prune your shrubs. If you prune in late summer or early fall, you may see vigorous regrowth, which may not harden off by winter, leading to possible cold damage. pruning can be done anytime after the shrubs have completed their growth for the season. You’ll want to shear as frequently as needed to keep your plant the size and shape you desire. If your shrubs encounter damage from vandalism or bad weather, prune immediately.

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