Flowering Perennial Toad Lily Plants

Flowering Perennial Toad Lily Plants

The toad lily is a name for approximately 20 species of flowering perennial plants that belong to the genus Tricyrtis. The flowers resemble orchids, and often bloom in the fall after other plants are finished blooming. The toad lily is native to areas of Asia, and these plants grow in gardens all over the world. Toad lily flowers are often borne on upright, arching stems. Foliage varies with cultivar, as does the color of toad lily flowers, although most have the spotted appearance for which toad lilies are recognized. The toad lily plant grows taller in soils that are consistently moist. Tricyrtis hirta, the common toad lily, is most widely grown in residential gardens. Reaching 2 to 3 feet tall with funnel shaped flowers that are white with purple spots, this toad lily normally blooms in fall and is hardy to USDA Zones 4-9. The toad lily growing in deep shade offers the best performance, particularly in hotter areas. Keep the toad lily plants moist and feed with regular liquid food at half strength or with weak organic fertilizer for appropriate toad lily care.

Locate the plant where it is somewhat protected from wind. If you’ve planted toad lily flowers in spring, you may be wondering when toad lilies bloom. Most varieties bloom in fall, but the toad lily growing in more northern climates can be planted in a sunny location and will produce toad lily flowers in late summer. Toad lily care includes keeping the soil moist, but not soggy as the toad lily plant does not do well when roots are in soggy soil. Divide roots of the toad lily in early spring, for more of the attractive plants throughout your shady areas.

Outdoor Garden With Toad Lily Plants

Outdoor Garden With Toad Lily Plants

Toad lily flowers (Tricyrtis) are attractive in the shady landscape, blooming in a range of spotted colors, in the axels of the plant.

Toad Lily Plants In The Garden

Toad Lily Plants In The Garden

Flowers may be star or bell shaped depending which variety of toad lily is growing. Flowers appear on cultivars of the toad lily plant, a member of the lily family, a true lily.

Garden Flowering Toad Lily Plants

Garden Flowering Toad Lily Plants

With size varying according to species, the toad lily usually grows to a height of one to three feet (30.5 to 91 cm) and spreads out to a width of one to two feet (30.5 to 61 cm).

Toad Lily Plants In The Yards

Toad Lily Plants In The Yards

Toad lilies prefer a forest-type soil that is humus-rich and a bit acidic, with a pH between about 6.1 and 6.5.

Flowering Toad Lily Plants In The Yard

Flowering Toad Lily Plants In The Yard

There are a few interesting theories about how the toad lily got its name. One theory is that it was named because the spotted appearance of the flowers was reminiscent of the spots on a toad.

Toad Lily Plants In The Backyard Garden

Toad Lily Plants In The Backyard Garden

The “toad” in toad lilies (Tricyrtis spp.) refers to the spots common both to the amphibian and the flowers. Those waxy blooms, varying from 3/4 to 2 inches in length, usually appear from late summer through autumn.

Backyard Garden Toad Lily Plants

Backyard Garden Toad Lily Plants

The toad lily is a relatively low maintenance plant. They do well in moist soil with high concentrations of organic matter, and soil can be improved by mixing in compost or decaying leaves for healthier plants.

Japanese Toad Lily Plants In The Garden

Japanese Toad Lily Plants In The Garden

The native area of the toad lily is in Asia, ranging from the Himalayas to China, Taiwan, and Japan.

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