Growing Fritillary Plants In Your Garden

Growing Fritillary Plants In Your Garden

Fritillary plants are genus of plants that includes about 100 different species. Most species are found in warm regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The plants have bell-shaped flowers and often an unpleasant smell, but often are still used in gardens. Fritillary plants grow best in cool climates and are very cold hardy. They like rich, moist, well-drained soil and grow in full sun or partial shade. Though they bloom in spring, these bulbs should be planted in fall. The tallest varieties should be planted eight to 10 inches deep, while the smaller specimens are okay to plant three to four inches below the soil line. The bulbs are customarily planted on their sides because there is a cup-shaped divet at the top where the flower stalk comes out that will fill with water and cause the bulb to rot. It is also helpful to mix a bit of sand or finely ground gravel into the planting hole to help with drainage and avoid rotting the bulbs.

Fritillary plants need regular water, especially while they are flowering. And, they will flower better if fertilized in early spring – look for a fertilizer formulated specifically for bulbs. After the flowers are spent, cut the stalks to the ground, but leave the foliage at the base to photosynthesize and store energy for next season’s growth. Established patches of fritillary can be divided and transplanted in fall. The bulbs are very sensitive, so try to maintain as much soil around them as possible when moving. Unlike tulips and many other bulbs, it is not recommended to store fritillary bulbs indoors for the winter, as they rarely remain viable.

Fritillary Meleagris Plants In The Garden

Some species of Fritillaria are poisonous. Most are harmless to humans if exposed in very small quantities, but larger doses can be fatal.

Fritillary Meleagris Plants In The Garden

Outdoor Garden Fritillary Plants

A common example of a Fritillaria species is the Fritillaria meleagris, also known as the Snake’s head.

Outdoor Garden Fritillary Plants

Fritillary Plants In The Yard

Fritillaria plants also are used in Chinese medicine for several different purposes, but most commonly as a cough medicine.

Fritillary Plants In The Yard

Snake's Head Fritillary Plants

Fritillaries, the orchids of the bulb world, are delicate and exotic. Their brilliant purples and yellows often appear on the same petals, in stripes or edges, and include unusual checkerboard patterns.

Snake's Head Fritillary Plants

Purple Fritillary Plants In The Yard

The attractive appearance and interesting colors of certain plants have resulted in them being used as emblems.

Purple Fritillary Plants In The Yard

Outdoor Purple Fritillary Plants

The distinguishing feature of Fritillaria plants is the flowers, which are shaped like upside-down cups.

Outdoor Purple Fritillary Plants

Fritillary Plants With Purple Flowers

Typically, species of Fritillaria need rich soil in order to grow effectively, but can survive in a variety of conditions.

Fritillary Plants With Purple Flowers

Large Garden With Fritillary Plants

Most species flower during the spring, which is why the plants are sometimes said to herald the end of the winter months. The plants are bulbous species, which means that they have short stems and thick leaves.

Large Garden With Fritillary Plants
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