Growing Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

Growing Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

Many vegetable gardeners are unfamiliar with Jerusalem artichoke plants, although they may know them by their common name, sunchoke. Jerusalem artichokes are native to North America and have nothing in common with the artichokes found in your local grocery. These plants are closely related to the sunflowers, and the plants are actually in the same genus. The flowers are a brilliant yellow, and they are mounted on tall stalks with broad leaves, much like sunflowers. The tubers resemble ginger roots, growing in gnarled, twisted forms with occasional smooth patches. To grow a Jerusalem artichoke plants begins with the soil. While the plants grow and produce flowers in almost any type of soil, yields are better when they are planted in loose, well aerated, well-draining soil. The plants also produce greater yields in slightly alkaline soil, but for the home gardener, neutral soil works fine.

An all purpose fertilizer should be worked into the soil when planting. Planting Jerusalem artichoke plants is much like planting potatoes. Small tubers or pieces of tuber with two or three buds are planted 2-3 inches deep about 2 feet apart in early spring as soon as the ground can be worked. The planting should be watered well. The tubers will sprout in two to three weeks.

Side Yard With Metal Fences And Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

Jerusalem artichoke strains vary by skin color, root shape and maturation time.

Side Yard With Metal Fences And Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

Outdoor Yard With Yellow Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

A hardy, widely adapted perennial, Jerusalem artichokes grow best in well-drained soil with a near-neutral pH of about 7.0.

Outdoor Yard With Yellow Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

Jerusalem Artichoke Plants With Yellow Flowers

As an ornamental and an edible, Jerusalem artichoke has plant friends or companions in the veggie garden, as well as in flower beds.

Jerusalem Artichoke Plants With Yellow Flowers

Outdoor Garden With Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

Sunchoke tubers can be planted in the garden as early as 2 to 3 weeks before the average last frost date in spring.

Outdoor Garden With Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

Flowering Yellow Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

In North American, the Jerusalem artichoke grew like a weed, and Native Americans obviously took advantage of this, consuming the roots and periodically transplanting them to keep stocks healthy.

Flowering Yellow Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

Backyard Garden With Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

The sunchoke, also called Jerusalem artichoke, is a variety of perennial sunflower grown for its edible low-starch tuber which looks much like a small potato but tastes like a water chestnut.

Backyard Garden With Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

Jerusalem Artichoke Plants With Flowers

Jerusalem artichoke care is pretty basic. Light cultivation and weeding should begin as soon as the sprouts break through the soil. Once the plants are established, however, no cultivation is necessary.

Jerusalem Artichoke Plants With Flowers

Garden With Yellow Jerusalem Artichoke Plants

The sunchoke is a hardy perennial that grows from 5 to 10 feet tall. The plant has rough-textured leaves 4 to 8 inches long and is topped with small yellow flowers 2 to 3 inches across.

Garden With Yellow Jerusalem Artichoke Plants
Label: outdoor plants, jerusalem artichoke plants, garden plants, jerusalem artichoke plant pictures, jerusalem artichoke plant images, .

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